Nutrition and Type II Diabetes are closely linked!
Type II Diabetes is the most common form of Diabetes, affecting 90%-95% of the 26 million Americans. Once called non-insulin dependent diabetes, or adult onset diabetes, it was rare to see it in a child. Just a few years ago it was thought that if it occurred in childhood, it was Type I or juvenile onset… but not anymore.
Of the millions affected with Diabetes, close to 6 million don’t even know they have it. It is the leading cause of blindness and kidney failure among adults and causes mild to severe nerve damage that, coupled with diabetes-related circulation problems, often leads to the loss of a leg or foot. Diabetes significantly increases the risk of heart disease, and it’s the seventh leading cause of death in the U.S., directly causing almost 70,000 deaths each year and contributing to thousands more.
With 9 out of 10 cases being largely preventable, Type II Diabetes can be avoided by keeping weight under control, excising more, not smoking, and eating a healthy diet. Taking care to stay on top of your nutritional needs is key in making sure you are healthy as well as taking preventative steps in avoiding Diabetes. While not everyone with Type II Diabetes is overweight, obesity and lack of physical activity are two of the most common causes of this form of diabetes.
In addition to the millions with diabetes, another 57 million adults have “pre-diabetes”. This is characterized by high blood sugar levels on a glucose tolerance test or a fasting glucose test. If greater care is taken towards diet and exercise, it can prevent pre-diabetes from becoming full-blown diabetes and also return blood glucose to the normal levels in the body.
Although you may inherit genes that influence the development of Type II Diabetes, they take a back seat to behavioral and lifestyle factors. Really looking hard at what you put into your body can affect how you feel. Proper nutrition of green vegetables, non-processed foods, low-fat foods, lean meats, and eating the proper number of meals a day are simple steps that can be taken to start the process off right.
Artichoke Heart Recipe:
- 3tablespoons olive oil
- 1⁄2cup finely chopped onion
- 1 1⁄2cup tomatoes
- 1 1⁄2cup artichoke hearts
- 1⁄2teaspoon dried sweet basil leaves
- 1⁄2teaspoon dried parsley
- 1⁄2teaspoon lemon juice
- salt and pepper, to taste
- Heat olive oil in a skillet; add onion and saute until tender.
- Add tomatoes and remaining ingredients, and cook 2 to 3 minutes, stirring gently.
- Pour mixture into a shallow baking dish.
- Bake at 325º F for 15 to 20 minutes.